Multi-national corporations, small & mid-sized businesses and governments around the world have all made billions of dollars from cocoa beans, the main raw material used in manufacturing chocolate and other products. It's very sad, the only group of people who have continuously remained slaves in the Chocolate Industry are children used as child labor cultivating cocoa farms in Ghana and Ivory Coast where 70% of cocoa beans is harvested and processed for exports.
Yearly retail sale of chocolate worldwide is 180 billion US dollars including (Chocolates, Cocoa Powder, Liquor, Creams, Body Lotions, Soaps, Food Ingredients, etc.) 70 percent of cocoa beans produced in the world is from Ghana and Ivory Coast where “Chocolate Industry Child Labor” is rampant and growing at an alarming rate. Ghana and Ivory Coast produce over 3.2 million tons of fresh cocoa beans yearly to supply chocolate factories worldwide, neglecting child labor issues.
The government of Ghana controls the cocoa sector through its Cocoa Marketing Board. Cocoa cultivation in Ghana is carried out in forested areas in Ashanti, Central, Eastern, Brong-Ahafo, Western and Volta Regions. After the crop is harvested, cocoa beans are dried and fermented for export to countries such as the Netherlands, Belgium, and the United States for processing. In 2016, the value of Ghana's cocoa beans exports amounted to about $1.89 billion, making up 39% of the global market share.
The Ivory Coast supplies 30 percent of the world’s total cocoa, leading the rest of the world by over half a million metric tons with a total crop of 1,448,992 tons in 2015. Companies like Nestle and Cadbury receive much of their cocoa from the Ivory Coast and cocoa beans alone is responsible for almost two-thirds of trade revenue.
In both countries, there are serious concerns raised about cocoa beans production but is all talk no action. Child labor, some of whom are subjected to 100-hour-long workweeks and physical abuse, have been discovered on many cocoa farms responsible for these countries billions of dollars revenue output. In addition to the harsh working conditions, these children do not receive any education whatsoever.